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    • Dora Triki
    • Article classé
    • Transitions sociétales et comportements émergents
    • Forthcoming

    Host country factors and international joint venture survival in the Middle East and North Africa

    Abstract

    The purpose of this article is to analyze the influence of three host country-specific variables (political risk, cultural distance, level of economic development) on international joint venture (IJV) survival in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The authors compiled a database of 124 IJVs established in MENA countries. The findings demonstrate that cultural distance and the level of economic development have an impact on IJV survival whereas political risk does not seem to affect IJV sustainability in this region. The study contributes to the debate about the role of host country factors for IJV survival, indicating that these factors may vary across geographic regions.

    • Co-auteur(s) Moalla E., Mayrhofer U.
    • Revue(s) European Journal of International Management - FNEGE Rang 4, CNRS Rang 4, HCERES Rang C
    • Olfa Kaabia
    • Article classé
    • Risque, prévisions et évaluations en univers complexe
    • Forthcoming

    Financial Development and Energy Consumption: Is the MENA Region Different?

    Abstract

    This paper examines the relationship between financial development and energy consumption estimations in the major MENA countries (Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi, Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen) over the period 1996 to 2014. We consider the energy use in kg of oil equivalent per capita as a dependent variable that reflects the cross-country energy consumption. We measure the level of financial development in the MENA countries by considering banking indicators. Our study differs from past ones in that we investigate the determinants of energy demand considering the heterogeneity, nonlinearity and asymmetry. We extend the model of Sadorsky (2011) by estimating both linear and non-linear dynamic panel process. Our results show a positive and statistically significant relationship between the intermediation capacity of the banking system as well as its size and energy consumption. However, this relationship is non-monotonous. Above a critical threshold, the effect of financial development on energy consumption becomes negative. It seems that financial development only promotes energy demand to a certain extent because of its non-linear inverted U-shaped impact on GDP.
    Keywords: Energy consumption, Financial Development, MENA Region, Dynamic panel

    • Co-auteur(s) GAIES, O., AYADI, R., GUESMI, K., ABID, I.
    • Revue(s) Energy Policy
    • Classement(s) CNRS 2
    • Le Fur
    • Article classé
    • Risque, prévisions et évaluations en univers complexe
    • Forthcoming

    Volatility transmission to the fine wine market

    Abstract

    The goal of this paper is to explore volatility transmission from various markets to the fine wine market. Knowledge of these channels for transmitting volatility to the wine market allows practitioners to anticipate the future volatility and the consequences of a shock on the wine market, to develop their investment strategy and diversify their risk. We especially analyse the impact of U.S. markets (i.e. art, commodities, credit, financial and real estate) during the 2007–2017 period. We shed additional light on how the volatility of the fine wine market varies during an extended period including a financial crisis. Our results indicate that, in the short-term, volatility is transmitted with a negative effect through the financial and commodity markets and with a positive effect through the art, residential real estate, and credit default markets. In the long-term, the wine market is impacted by all other markets. We show that correlations are time-varying.

    • Co-auteur(s) Ben Ameur H.
    • Revue(s) Economic Modelling
    • Classement(s) CNRS Rang 2
    • Le Fur
    • Article non-classé
    • Risque, prévisions et évaluations en univers complexe
    • Forthcoming

    The price of cider: empirical analysis in Québec province

    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the main factors and mechanisms that govern the price of cider, and to apply the analysis to the price of ciders in the Province of Québec, Canada. The analysis is following the methodology applied to the determinants of the price of wine. A model for the price of cider is estimated with 70 prices representing five regions and five types of products. The analysis is limited to one geographical factor, i.e. the region of origin and factors related to the producer, i.e. the age and the size of the firm. The results conclude on the importance of geographical factors related to the region of origin. The relationship between the price of ciders and the region of origin is statistically significant at the 1 percent level for two regions and shows a high premium for ciders produced in these two regions. Production factors related to the age and the size of the production unit although showing the expected sign are not statistically significant to conclude on the impact. There is a small premium for producing effervescent cider compared to still or rosé cider but the most statistically significant results at a 1 percent level are for ice ciders and fortified ciders which are two typical products from Québec. The analysis has important potential implications on the role of certification of origin. Cider regions in Québec, Canada have recently defined quality standards applied to specialties like Ice cider and Fire ciders. The choice of high quality products is reflected in the premium associated to the price of these products. Contrary to the wine sector, there is a lack of research and literature on the determinants of the price of ciders. This study is the first to propose a pricing model to examine some of the determinants of prices.

    • Co-auteur(s) OUTREVILLE J.F.
    • Revue(s) British Food Journal
    • Le Fur
    • Article classé
    • Risque, prévisions et évaluations en univers complexe
    • Forthcoming

    Dynamics of the global fine art market prices

    Abstract

    This article examines the short- and long-run linkages among art market indexes between 1998 and 2016 using cointegration procedures, the Granger noncausality test and the Error Correction Model. These art indexes are examined by category: global, art method, time, and currency/country. The results indicate that there are a few causal linkages between art market indexes, notably that there is feedback between a few markets. These moderate causal links between art market indexes would indicate that there are many opportunities for diversification for practitioners, investors and collectors.

    • Revue(s) Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance
    • Classement(s) CNRS 3
    • Albert Lessoua
    • Article classé
    • Risque, prévisions et évaluations en univers complexe
    • Forthcoming

    Firms’ performance and exports: the case of Romanian winemakers

    Abstract

    This paper investigates the impact of exports on financial performances in Romanian wine industry as well as the main determinants of exports. The dataset includes mixed firm-level (i.e. 207 companies) data, big data and mezzo-economic variables and covers the period 2009-2017. The results show that exports can improve the financial performance of Romanian wine producers. The latter seems also to be directly affected by the collection payment period and the number of employees per firm. Moreover, exports are strongly impacted by the wine productivity (especially in the case of the red wine varieties), by the intensive vine cultivated surfaces, firms’ agglomeration and specific high temperature.

    • Co-auteur(s) Mihai M. , Turcu C.
    • Revue(s) Journal of Wine Economics
    • Classement(s) CNRS 3
    • Florence Jeannot
    • Article non-classé
    • Création & Innovation
    • Forthcoming

    Prise en compte de l’expérience utilisateur pour améliorer l’adoption de produits technologiques

    Abstract

    Lors du lancement d’un nouveau produit technologique, 25% des échecs sont imputables à la technique et les 75% restants sont dus à une défaillance de la fonction marketing. Dans de nombreux cas, c’est la complexité d’utilisation et l’absence de prise en compte du client/utilisateur du produit technologique qui est en cause. Dans le cadre de nos travaux, nous avons étudié le rôle de l’utilisabilité et de l’esthétique lors de l’utilisation d’interfaces hommemachine (IHM). Nous avons mené une expérimentation qui montre que 1) l’esthétique perçue améliore l’évaluation des utilisateurs seulement lors de la phase d’exposition à l’interface ; 2) l’utilisabilité augmente les évaluations des utilisateurs après utilisation de l’interface. Fort de ces constats, nous avons pu adapter un processus de conception des IHM en s’appuyant dans un premier temps sur l’esthétique avant de focaliser le travail de conception sur l’utilisabilité. Cet article se positionne donc à la frontière entre l’informatique et le marketing. Il contribue à l’élaboration d’IHM en tenant compte des attentes et perceptions des utilisateurs afin d’améliorer la proposition de valeur des entreprises, en favorisant l’adoption de produits logiciels.

    • Co-auteur(s) DUPUY-CHESSA S., DAMPERAT M., JONGMANS E., LAURILLAU Y., CERET E.
    • Revue(s) InnovatiO - L'interdisciplinarité en action au sein des projets de recherche en innovation, 5 (Numéro Spécial)
    • Mihai Mutascu
    • Article classé
    • Risque, prévisions et évaluations en univers complexe
    • Forthcoming

    Firms’ performance and exports: the case of Romanian winemakers

    Abstract

    This paper investigates the impact of exports on financial performances in Romanian wine industry as well as the main determinants of exports. The dataset includes mixed firm-level (i.e. 207 companies) data, big data and mezzo-economic variables and covers the period 2009-2017. The results show that exports can improve the financial performance of Romanian wine producers. The latter seems also to be directly affected by the collection payment period and the number of employees per firm. Moreover, exports are strongly impacted by the wine productivity (especially in the case of the red wine varieties), by the intensive vine cultivated surfaces, firms’ agglomeration and specific high temperature.

    • Co-auteur(s) Lessoua A., TURCU C.
    • Revue(s) Journal of Wine Economics
    • Classement(s) CNRS 3
    • Manolo Dulva Hina
    • Chapitre d'ouvrage
    • Smart interactions
    • Forthcoming

    Machine Learning-Assisted Cognition of Driving Context and Avoidance of Road Obstacles

    Abstract

    In the vehicle of the future, an intelligent vehicle should be able to recognize the driving context so as it would be able to perform the necessary actions to continue the trip up to its intended destination. Moreover, such intelli-gent vehicle should also be able to detect and recognize road obstacles, as it is the failure to recognize an obstacle and avoid it that often lead to road accident, normally causing human fatalities. In this paper, knowledge engineering related to the cognitive processes of driving context detection, perception, decision and optimal action related to the driving context and avoiding road obstacles. Ontol-ogy and formal specifications are used to describe such mechanism. Different supervised learning algorithms are used for cognition of driving context and in recognizing and classifying obstacles. The avoidance of obstacles is implemented using reinforcement learning. The work is validated using driving simulator in the laboratory. This work is a contribution to the ongoing research in safe driving, and the application of machine learning leading to prevention of road accidents.

    • Titre de l'ouvrage Machine Learning-Assisted Cognition of Driving Context and Avoidance of Road Obstacles
    • Editeur(s) Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication
    • Co-auteur(s) ., ORTALDA A., RANDAME-CHERIF A.
    • Année de parution Forthcoming
    • Page(s) 25 pages
    • Coordination du chapitre d'ouvrage Springer CCIS Series book entitled “Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, IC3K 2018, Revised Selected Papers”
    • Salma Fattoum
    • Article classé
    • Création & Innovation
    • Forthcoming

    Gender Gymnastics in CEO succession: masculinities, feminities and legitimacy

    Abstract

    This article theorizes how CEOs ‘do gender’ in management succession and how this impacts their legitimacy as successor CEOs. Drawing on the analysis of seven incumbent-successor dyads in a family business setting, we document the multiple masculine (entrepreneurial, authoritarian and paternalistic) and feminine (relational, individualized and maternal) gender identities that both men and women CEO successors enact. We contribute to the CEO succession literature by revealing the different ways that CEOs can ‘do masculinity’ in their pursuit of legitimacy and also expose how CEO successors ‘do femininity’. In particular, we show how men and women CEOs enact relational femininity to garner stakeholders’ support as well as build alliances to temper change initiatives. We contribute to the gender and organization literature by providing an understanding of how certain ways of doing gender in organizations facilitate or hinder the legitimacy of CEO successors.

    • Co-auteur(s) BYRNE J., RADU M., BALACHANDRA L.
    • Revue(s) Organization Studies
    • Classement(s) FNEGE 1